literary awards


literary awards
China’s main literary prizes are named after famous twentieth-century writers: Lu Xun (Zhou Shuren, 1881–1936), Mao Dun (Shen Yanbing, 1896–1981), Lao She (Shu Qingchun, 1898–1966), Bing Xin (Xie Wanying, 1900–99), Chen Bochui (1906–97) and Cao Yu (Wan Jiabao, 1910–96). The Lu Xun Literary Prize (LXLP) and the Mao Dun Literary Prize (MDLP) are awarded by the Chinese Writers’ Association (CWA) approximately every four years. By 2001, the LXPL had been awarded twice to one hundred works. It also awards seven additional prizes for short stories, novellas, reportage literature, poetry, prose and essays, literary criticism, and the Rainbow Prize for National Excellent Literary Translations. By 2000, the MDLP had been awarded five times to twenty novels.
Controversies over the fairness of both contests have delayed the presentation of the awards. In addition, the CWA runs annual nation-wide competitions in short stories, novellas, reportage literature and new poetry, respectively. The Lao She Literary Prize granted the literary prize (to four short-story writers) for the first time in 2000, and to seventeen literary works in October 2002. The Bing Xin Prize is mainly for children’s literature, as is the Chen Bochui Prize. Other awards include: the Cao Yu Drama Literature Prize; the China Drama Literature Prize, which had been awarded twice by May 2002; the Plum Blossom Prize for Chinese Drama; the Xu Chi (1914–96) Reportage Literature Prize; and the Song Qingling (Mme Soong Ching-ling, 1890–1981) Literary Prize. Finally, there are many regional and other awards granted by literary periodicals.
[Note: the latest prize for Zhang Jie is the Lao She Literary Prize for her novel, No Words (Wuzi), awarded in October 2003.]
HELEN XIAOYAN WU

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

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